Apa in text citation first name or last name

In-text Citations - APA Citation Style Guide - Subject

When citing sources by different authors who have the same last name, include the author's first initials in all in-text citations. Example: Among studies we review M. A. Light (2008) and I. Light (2006). APA Publication Manual p. 267, Section 8.2 Using et al. in APA in-text citations Sources with three, four or five authors are shortened after the first citation. From the second citation onwards, include only the first author name followed by et al. (and others). Sources with six or more authors are always shortened, including in the first citation When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper Always list the author's surname before listing his or her initials. You only need to provide initials for the first and middle names, but do include initials for all middle names provided by the source. Include a comma after every last name and in-between different authors' names. Include a period after every initial

APA Author Names In your paper's references list, if the author's name is James Lyndon Smith, list the author's first, middle and last name as follows: Smith, J.L Two authors: Last name, first initial. second initial. & Last name, first initial. second initial.. Three to 21 authors: List authors by last name comma initials and separate names by commas until the last name, which should have a & before it instead of a comma. If the book has editor on the front instead of author, use Last name comma.

A complete guide to APA in-text citation (6th edition

  1. In-text citations generally require you to provide Author, Date, and Location (i.e. page numbers) when you first reference a document in your writing. Subsequent references/citations do not always require all of this information. Follow these basic guidelines for handling subsequent citations. First Citation- Author in the Sentence
  2. If a dictionary or encyclopedia entry has no author, the in-text citation should include the title of the entry. The title of the entry should be in quotation marks, with each word starting with a capital letter. The title of the entry will be followed by a comma and the year of publication
  3. Use the word and between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. (Kernis, Cornell, Sun, Berry, & Harlow, 1993) In subsequent citations, only use the first author's last name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in parentheses. (Kernis et al., 1993

In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing La

  1. When there is only one name, simply use that name. The guiding principal of citation is to give a clear and unambiguous pointer for finding the work in question and related works. Thus, when dealing with a mononym, the general APA dictum of author's last name (which is quite culturally narrow in any case) maps cleanly to author's only name
  2. Quotations or Paraphrases A 'narrative' in-text citation incorporates the citation information within the text you are writing. Spencer (2006) notes that it is acceptable to state the author's name at the beginning of the sentence, rather than always putting it in the parenthetical citation (pp. 5-6)
  3. Smith, L. N., Campbell, A., & Adams, K. (1992). Although you may be tempted to include the initials every time the surname Campbell appears in the text citations, note that per APA Style, the initials should be included only when Campbell is the lead author

The APA Style format for author names in reference list entries is to provide the author's surname (s) followed by the initials of their given name (s). Example: Lee, C. L. (2017). In the in-text citation, provide only the surname (s) along with the year Citing Authors With the Same Surname If the first authors of multiple references share the same surname but have different initials, include the first authors' initials in all in-text citations, even if the year of publication differs. Initials help avoid confusion within the text and help readers locate the correct entry in the reference list T he two types of in-text citations are parenthetical citations and narrative citations. A narrative citation is a type of citation where the author's name is used within the text of the sentence; whereas, a parenthetical citation is a type of citation where the author and date are in parentheses at the end of the sentence Author is Ru-Jye Chuang Reference citation style is Chuang, R.-J. Source: APA Publication Manual, 7th Edition, Section 9.8, page 286. If an author's first name is hyphenated, retain the hyphen and include a period after each initial. Do not put a space after the period of the first initial and the - preceding the second initial

Here is a summary of the APA Referencing Style requirements for each of the cases mentioned: For surnames with more than one work (e.g., Gonzalez Gutierrez) include both names in the reference list and the in-text citation. Alphabetize using the first word of the surname If a first or middle name is given, you will provide only the first initial of that first or last name. If a first or middle initial is given, these initials go in as read. For authors (though not for editors), type the last name, then a comma, then first and middle (and any subsequent) initials. Put a period after each initial APA Citing an author with two last names: Deborah Lowe Vandell. Second question first - do cite exactly the same in the text and in the references. Since the purpose is for the reader to match the in-text to the correct reference, make it easy. We see more mistakes with this with websites, where the writer lists the organization that. at the end of the document. Here are general guidelines for in-text citations that cover the use of authors' names, placement of in-text citations, and treatment of nonrecoverable and electronic sources.. I. Use of Authors' Names A. In APA style, only the author's last name is used in the document as a whole and within in-text citations in.

In-text citations have two formats - narrative and parenthetical: Narrative citations: Author last name/s are included in the text as part of the sentence. The publication year and page number (if applicable) follows in parentheses. The author's last name can be included any place in the sentence where it makes sense Brief in-text citations point the reader to more complete information in the reference list at the end of the paper. In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a comma and the publication year enclosed in parentheses: (Smith, 2007). If you are quoting directly the page number should be included, if given

Step 1- Author (Names) - APA Citation Style Guide (6th

A narrative citations weaves in the author's name (s) into the text, and then adds in the year in parentheses. The page number will bookend the quote at the end. You will often want to use a signal phrase to introduce a narrative citation What is an APA In-Text Citation? An in-text citation is a citation within your writing that shows where you found your information, facts, quotes, and research. All APA in-text citations require the same basic information: Author's last name (no first names or initials Cite in-text a hyphenated last name as you would any other reference, but leave out suffixes. Abbreviate and hyphenate the initials if the author has a two-part, hyphenated first name in both in-text citations and in the references. APA gives the examples of V.-G. Nguyen in-text and Girard, J.-B. in the reference list

When a reference has two authors, cite both names every time the reference occurs in text. See section 8.17 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2020) for more guidance.; If you are citing a work with three or more authors, use (First authors last name et al., Year of Publication) on every citation throughout your document Treat the Initials as Representing a First and Last Name. Another option is to treat the initials as representing a first and last name. In this case, use the initials in your prose or in your in-text citation and invert the initials in the works-cited-list entry. List the entry under the last initial In-Text Citation In the first reference for a work with three or more authors, use the surname of the first author followed by et al. (Illston et al., 1979 Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005) In-Text Citations. APA Style uses parenthetical author-date citations. After summarizing or quoting a source, add parentheses containing the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number of the work. Example: The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog (Seuss, 2007, pp. 7-8)

How to Cite Authors with First, Middle & Last Names in APA

  1. APA style uses a parenthetical, author-date format for in-text citations. After a quotation or reference, add parentheses containing the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number of the work being cited. Use a single p. for one-page, and a pp. for multi-page quotations
  2. Type of citation. Example citation. One author (Aubrey, 2019) Two authors (Schuler & Pearson, 2019) Three or more authors (Cates et. al., 2020) Organization as an author: First in-text citation: (American Psychological Association [APA], 2019) Subsequent in-text citations: (APA, 2019
  3. In APA style, authors' names, along with year of publication, are the essential link between parenthetical or narrative citations and reference lists. Narrative and parenthetical citations use only authors' last names. In reference lists, use the last names as well as the first initial (middle initials are optional)
  4. APA in-text citations consist of the author's last name and publication year. When citing a specific part of a source, also include a page number or range, for example (Parker, 2020, p. 67) or (Johnson, 2017, pp. 39-41)

APA 7 Citations - Citations - InfoGuides at Central

When you are writing a paper in APA style, you cite other works (articles, books, etc.) using the author-date citation method. By naming the author and the date of the work you are citing in your in-text citation, you're helping the reader find the work in your reference list at the end of your paper. In-Text Citation Prevents Plagiaris When referencing the author in parentheses, use the last name followed by a comma and the year of publication). Early onset results in a more persistent and severe course (Kessler, 2003). Two authors in text: Refer to the authors by their last names, and follow this with the year of publication in parentheses In-text citations can appear at the end of a sentence (parenthetical in-text citation) or in the text of the sentence if the author's name is incorporated (narrative in-text citation). If a work is by three or more authors, list the first author's last name followed by the phrase et al. and the year of publication In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a comma and the publication year enclosed in parentheses: (Smith, 2007). If you are quoting directly the page number should be included, if given. If you are paraphrasing the page number is not required Order the citations alphabetically by the first author's last name and separate them with semicolons. For works by the same author, order them by publication year: give the last name once and then the dates. Ex. Several studies (Hall & Krupin, 2019; Ramirez et al., 2017; Walker et al., 2018) cite the need for more replication studies

In-text: First and Subsequent Citations - APA Citation

The in-text citation consists of author surname (s)/family name (s), in the order that they appear on the actual publication, followed by the year of publication of the source that you are citing. For direct quotes, make sure to include page or paragraph number. eg. (Weston, 1988, p. 45) At this point, you must cite the source as a direct quote which includes: Last name, publication date, and page or paragraph number, or section/heading, plus quotation marks If you're citing verbatim, Quoted material goes here (Hall, 2016, p. 22) For a work with one or two authors, include the author name(s) in every citation. For a work with three or more authors, include the name of only the first author plus et al. in every citation (even the first citation). The following table shows the basic in-text citation styles

APA Citation Guide (7th Edition): Encyclopedias

Chicago In-text Citation Guide For each author-date citation in the text, there must be a corresponding entry in the reference list under the same name and date. An author-date citation in running text or at the end of a block quotation consists of the last (family) name of the author, followed by the year of publication of the work in question 2. Put first line of citation at left margin and indent other lines. 3. Author * Include author's last name and initials of author's first and middle names. * Alphabetize by author's or editor's last name or by first significant word in title (if there is no author or editor or if there is a group author). 4 [List each author's last name and initials as Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. Use an ampersand (&) before the final author's name. Read more from the APA Style Blog if there are 21 or more authors.] (Year). (xxxx). Title of the article. [Only the first word of the title and subtitle and proper nouns are capitalized] Authors With Two Last Names, Not Hyphenated. The first last name is treated as a middle initial in the references unless it is known that the author uses both last names. Therefore, use only the last name for citations. If the author's name is Margaret Mclean Heitkemper, Margaret is the first name, McLean is treatred as the middle name, an

Uncertainty regarding which names are first, middle, and last names If uncertain about the proper format for a name, consult other works that cite that author, bibliographic database records, or the author's website or curriculum vitae (CV) to determine the appropriate format (APA, 2020, p. 287) In-text reference: Include each first author's initials in all citations. Do this for the FIRST author only. If the same author last name is found as second, third etc authors, initials are NOT used Initials will be displayed in the case of authors having the same last name in order to identify them as different authors. However, if the initials are being displayed for a single author having multiple works, recheck the Author field to see if any additional spaces or difference in the way the name was entered which may account for the display The only difference is with in-text citations. Even in your first in-text citation, you can shorten to the last name of the first author followed by et al., and the year. For example: Rodgers, Chung, Hightower, Collins, Long, Carr, & Thomas (2016) would be (Rodgers et al., 2016) starting with the first in-text citation

Each in-text citation will, at a minimum, refer to an author's name or authors' names and the year of publication. If the original source is paginated, you'll also include the page number specific information was pulled from. If there isn't an author, your in-text citation will refer to the first couple words of the article title If an author or editor has a hyphenated first name, include first initials for both separated by a hyphen. For example: Lamour, J.-B. for Jean-Baptiste Lamour. -If your reference list includes publications by two or more authors with the same last name, you should include the first initial in all in-text citations in order to help the reader. In-text Citations appear in the body of your paper to let your reader know that you are citing a resource. In-text citations are generally very short and don't contain a lot of information.. If your reader wants to learn more about the resource you cited or wants to locate the resource on their own, then they will look at the references list to locate the additional information

When an article has one to twenty authors, all authors' names are cited in the References List entry. When an article has twenty-one or more authors list the first nineteen authors followed by three spaced ellipse points (. . .) , and then the last author's name. Rules are different for in-text citations; please see the examples provided. Title We have covered the basics of in-text citation elsewhere. This page details some unusual cases and exceptions. Additional Rules Same Last Name. If you're citing authors who share a last name, provide the first author's initials in each citation: The problem has been discussed by B. Frank (1992) and I. M. Frank (2008)

American Psychological Association rules for formatting papers, in-text citations, and end references. Examples based on the sixth edition of the Publication Manual from the APA. By Alexis Carlson How to cite in the text of your paper using APA style format. You can cite an author, editor, organization, screen name, website title, and more using correct APA style by following these examples. The in text citation gives the surname(s) of the author(s) or the group author(s). Use only the year in the in text citation, even if the citation in the reference list contains a more specific date. For works with no date, use n.d. in the in text citation. (Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed., 2020, pp.261-262

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Magazine Title, Volume Number, Page Numbers. Citation: Underwood, N. (2001 August 14). Body envy. Maclean's, 113, 36-40. Web Sites Format: Varies depending on what type document it is. The basic citation format includes: Organization or Author's Last Name. Last name, First name initial. Middle name initial. In practice, using Elon Reeve Musk as our example, this looks like: Musk, E. R. Two Authors . Two authors should be listed similarly to a single author, separated with a comma and an ampersand (an ampersand is the name of the squiggly '&' symbol). Last name, First name initial

In-Text Citations: Author/Authors // Purdue Writing La

Author and date are the key components in the in-text citation of the APA referencing style.. No author: when author information is not available, use the source title to replace the author's position.. Dates: give the month for monthlies; give the month and day for weeklies; if the journal or magazine gives a season, not a month, include that: e.g. (2008, Spring Works by two authors should list the last names and first initials separated by an ampersand (&). These names should be followed by the date of publication enclosed in parentheses. If the work is a journal article, the title of the article should immediately follow the publication date

Author Last Name, First Initial, Middle Initial. (Year Published). Title of e-book in sentence case. Publisher Name. DOI or URL. The example above is not only appropriate for e-books, but is the basic structure used for any authored print book that has a DOI. In-text citation structure: Parenthetical citation: (Author Last Name, Year Published For some reason, one particular author's first name keeps showing up in the in-text citations. It's driving me a little crazy. I can see that the entries were made with separated last,first naming. Is there a way to fix this easily, or do I have to manually edit it out? I'm on deadline. Thanks

citation style - How to cite in APA format for an author

In-text citation vs. reference list In-text citations are used when the details of the source have to be included in a concise manner. The in-text citation in the APA format consists of the a uthor's last name, the year the source was published, and the page number (if known or needed). In-text citation template: (Last Name, Publication Year) O In-text citation format is the same, APA 6th Edition Reference Page Format: Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. [Screen name]. (Year, Month Day). Title of the video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL. APA 7th Edition Reference Page Format: Uploader Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. [Screen name]. (Year, Month Day). Title of the. We never include authors' first names in in-text citations: last names only. Separate the author, date, and page number with commas. Type a p. before the page number. If your quote goes over multiple pages, type pp. before the page range When a work has three, four or five authors, cite all authors the first time: (Nishimoto, Salcido, Aranda, & Land, 1998) In subsequent citations, include the last name of the first author, followed by et al. (not italicized), and the year. (Nishimoto et al., 1998

A parenthetical citation is one where all the required information is placed in parentheses. In APA style, the information in parentheses consists of the last name (s) of the author (s), the year of publication, and page or paragraph number (s) in the case of an exact quote. Examples : (Smith, 2017); (James, Vargas, & Rhodes, n.d.) APA uses the author-date system of in-text citation. This means that every time you use an outside source in your paper, you need to provide the author AND the date of the source. You have two options for how to provide in-text citations in your paper

Citations: In-Text - APA Style & Citation 7th edition

Changes to In-Text citations: Regardless of the medium of the source (print, electronic, web), all sources with three authors or more will now only use the name of the first author followed by et al. The only exception to this occurs when doing so would create ambiguity (ex. if two papers have first-listed authors with the same name) There are two formats for in-text citations: Parenthetical: uses parentheses around the in-text citation. The in-text citation includes: the author(s)' last name(s), a publication date, and the page number (the page number is required for quotes; optional for paraphrases or summaries). Example: Very few people have 20/20 vision

When to Use Author Initials for Text Citations - APA Styl

For each author, list the last name first followed by the initials for their first and middle names; Arrange your reference list alphabetically by the last name of the author; Use a hanging indent after the first line of your citation the sources are listed alphabetically by the last name of the first author, double-space the references, each source is formatted with a hanging indentation, and; in the title and subtitle, only capitalize proper names and the first letter of the first word. Example: References. Bladow, L. E. (2018) Include the complete citation at the end of your paper in a references section. References are organized by the author's last name in alphabetic (A-Z) order. Use an hanging indent to separate each list item Attribution in text: Author Last Name (Year of Publication) has argued this point. Example: Smith (1988) has argued this point. Page numbers are not required in APA in-text citation; however, it is expected that page numbers will be offered for direct quotations In-Text Citation The in-text citation is written inside a parenthesis usually with the last name of the author and year of publication, separated by a comma. (Haybron, 2001) If the name of the author is included within the text, write only the year inside the parenthesis

Follow the author-date method of in-text citation Paraphrases and quotations both require citations Only cite actual works you have read and ideas you are incorporating into your own writing (Last Name, Year) appears in the sentence you're citin APA In-Text Citations If a source has six or more authors, cite only the first of them, followed by et al. If your references page contains two authors with the same last name, then your in-text citations should include initials to indicate which of the two the citation refers to. 2 Parenthetical citation without author's name in the text: Harlem had many artists and musicians in the late 1920s (Belafonte, 2008). Works with three to five authors: •Include all names in the first in-text parenthetical citation, separated by commas and then an ampersand (&) APA in-text citations APA documentation relies on a combination of in-text citations and a reference list at the end of the paper. In-text citations include some combination of the author's last name, the date of publication, and (if citing a direct quote) page number, all separated by commas

APA Style 6th Edition Blog: What's in a Name? Two-Part

This page explains how to cite authors and editors as part of your APA reference list. Authors Inverted Names. Most of the time you'll first want to give an author's surname, followed by initials: Jones, A. B. (2001). If the first name is hyphenated (e.g., Mary-Jo), use both a period and a hyphen (e.g., M.-J.) In-text reference: Include each first author's initial (s) in all citations. Do this for the FIRST author only when there are multiple authors in a single reference. Initial (s) are included even if year of publication differs Capitalize the first letter of the first word of the title. If there is a colon (:) in the title, also capitalize the first letter of the first word after the colon. Capitalize the first letter of proper names in titles, such as names of places or people. Italicize titles of journals, magazines, newspapers, and books In-text citation should not hinder the reader from understanding or reading your paper. In-text citations help you avoid plagiarism and self-plagiarism. Components of in-text citation. In-text citations in APA format are given in author date style. You need: Author's last name (first initial if more than one author with same name) Publication dat Where to place an In-text citation. At an appropriate point in your text, simply insert between parentheses the last name of the author of the source to which you are referring and the date of its publication, separating the two by a comma and a space

Apa style workshopWorks d mla v apaMLA: Citing Within Your Paper | Ashford Writing CenterGetting Started - Citing "Nursing : A Concept-BasedApa Crash Course

In-text citations in APA follow the Author-Date system, therefore the minimum information required for the in-text citations is the last name of the author followed by the publication year. Even if the reference includes month and year, the in-text citation only requires the year In-text Citations . Appear in the body of your paper to signal that an idea, evidence, or finding is not your own. Correspond with sources listed on the reference list. Provide the author(s) name(s) and the year of publication. Direct quotes include the page number If no author or creator is provided, start the citation with the title/name of the item you are citing instead. Follow the title/name of the item with the date of publication, and the continue with other citation details. Remember: an author/creator may be an organization or corporation, for example Health Canada *Note: subsequent citations may use (APA, 2010). Edited Book, No Author: *For in-text citations, use editor names in place of author names. (Editor Last Name & Editor Last Name, Year). (Catapano & Critchley, 2016). Chapter From Anthology: *When citing chapter from anthology, use the chapter author as the author, not the editors. (Chapter Author. APA Citations & Reference List, 7th Edition, 2020 Update In-Text Citations At minimum, APA format requires that a student include the author's last name and the year of publication for any source that is referenced in-text If a student's paper is referring to an idea from another work or the work as a whol

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